The only thing better than a year they take the census is the year they release census records from more than 70 years ago for research. As a genealogist and a history lover, the census is near and dear to my heart and my family tree.
I’ve looked at thousands of historical census records and I’m looking forward to the release of the 1950 census in April of 2022. The National Archives has a 72-year rule that records aren’t released to the general public until 72-years after the census is taken. When you participate in the 2020 census your information will not be public until 2092.
There is a funny mention of the census from 1880 in the Clare County Press, “The census takers are busily at their business, asking all sorts of questions. Don’t lie to a census taker, not for a hundred dollars.” Incidentally, the fine for lying to a census taker was $100!
Older census records providing good information relied on the handwriting and meticulousness of the census taker. Of course, if you are solving a genealogical mystery, the handwriting is bad and names questionable.
This year when you receive your invitation to complete the census you can do it online, by phone or by mail. I can only imagine this will please someone researching their family history a hundred years from now. Especially if they don’t have to rely on bad handwriting!
Census takers will still be out there counting the homeless and transient population, on college campuses, senior centers and in communities conducting quality checks to ensure accurate counts.
In the future we won’t be as elusive as our ancestors. Our lives are well documented now compared to a hundred or more years ago. I have hundreds of photos of my childhood, my grandparents had dozens or less and my children have thousands. My cell phone as 4,000 photos alone! But the census is important in other ways besides knowing whether great grandma could read and write. Census data …
As early as December of 1948 the Clare Sentinel and the Clare County Cleaver were reporting the development of Snowsnake Mountain by James D’Arcy, local real estate developer.
Snowsnake Mountain, a new northern Michigan winter sports center, is being established eight miles north and a half mile west, of Clare and now only awaits sufficient snowfall for its opening. A forty-two by twenty-four foot restaurant with glass front affords a beautiful view across the bowl to the skiing area and a twelve by twenty-four foot warming house for the comfort of guests and for waxing skiis is situated at the foot of the rope tow installed to help skiers up the mountain. Seven ski runs at different degrees of steepness will provide skiing for all types of skiers from beginners to experts and slopes are provided for beginners, intermediates and experts. Snowsnake Mountain is the closest ski area to Clare and southern Michigan, reducing travel distance of down state skiers by almost fifty miles, and night skiing under lights will be provided. The new skiing location lies four miles north of James Hill, north Michigan snow divide, and all runs and areas are laid on north and northwest slopes, assuring skiiers of continued skiing here during the season. The slopes have been bulldozed, removing all stumps and logs, to provide unobstructed courses. Snowsnake Mountain is being developed by James D’Arcy, well known realtor, who announces that the place is now open for inspection and will be open for skiing as soon as weather permits.”
In the winter of 1949, the Cleaver was running regular items about the activities at Snowsnake:
“A record crowd enjoyed the week end of favorable ski weather at Snowsnake Mountain. The slopes were well covered with the right kind of snow for the first time this winter. Tow machinery was continually kept busy.”
“A ski meet will be held at Snowsnake Mountain Saturday and Sunday …
A collection of three photos were recently shared with the Cleaver from the Welty Family, long time seasonal residents of Lake George. At times old photos have no back story and we are left to wonder what the scene is all about. In the case of these three images taken by Carl Wetly in Lake George the photography is so clear signs in the windows can be read and the rest of the story can be known.
The photo shows a small crowd gathered for the auction of E.R.M. Austin’s store. Ad is from the Clare Sentinel. Presumably, the auctioneer is Thomas Groves. Groves was a night officer for the City of Clare for many years and later ran a gas station and conducted auctions. Many of his auctions are documented in Clare county newspapers during the 1920s and 30s.
The photos of the auction give an informative view of Lake George as it was in 1927.
History often presents seemingly impossible to answer questions. W. J., a reporter for the Detroit Free Press, visited the logging camp of Winfield Scott Gerrish in 1878 and his report was published in the Clare County Press on June 21, 1878. In the report W.J. notes as to Gerrish’s logging railroad from Lake George to the Muskegon River that “The main road [RR] has . . . a telephone line running its whole length . . . .” For years this writer has wondered if Gerrish really had a telephone line as opposed to a telegraph line. Then in October, 2019, an article was in the Wall Street Journal about Thomas Alva Edison and the proverbial ‘light bulb’ went on in that the article mentioned Alexander Graham Bell, credited with ‘inventing’ the telephone. The pun is totally intended in that in 1879 Edison presumably ‘invented’ the light bulb. Research followed –
March 7, 1876 – Patent issued for ‘telephone’ to Bell [Wikipedia]
June, 1876 -Bell demonstrates telephone at Centennial Exposition
Summer, 1876 – Gerrish visits Centennial Exposition [Boomer, October- November, December 1996, Muskegon Heritage Assoc. Newsletter]
November 30, 1876 – Farwell Register on November 30, 1876, reports Gerrish & Hazelton “building a railroad on the Muskegon river, running back [to the East] to their timber” and a locomotive being “forwarded to Evart.” [Grand Rapids Eagle, March 29, 1878]
July 9, 1877 -- Bell Telephone Company founded [Wikipedia]
December 29, 1877 – reported 9.3 miles of track on Lake George & Muskegon Railroad [L GAZ, December 29, 1877]
February 15, 1878 – reported that 2 newspaper reporters (one from Cadillac and the other from Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania) walked 14 miles …
"Spikehorn" Comes Home
(Obituary from the Shepherd Argus)
Spikehorn Meyer came home Tuesday to Shepherd, MI when he was buried in the Salt River Cemetery following services which were held at the Stephenson Funeral Home in Clare.
He passed away at the Gladwin Nursing Home at the age of 89, where he had been cared for the past eighteen months.
Spikehorn, as he was known far and near, was born John A. Meyer July 15, 1870 in Stark County, Ohio, and came to Shepherd in 1876 with his parents to farm two miles north of Shepherd.
He grew up in this community and for some time operated a deer park before moving to Clare County, where he had a bear den and deer park since the early thirties on US-27 near Harrison.
Spikehorn worked as a farmer, guide, woodsman, hunter, trapper and lumberjack and many were the tales he told of the early days, some of which had pretty much of a Paul Bunyon flavor. He chose to dress in pioneer costume with buckskin jacket and always wore a 1ong flowing beard and long hair according to the memories of those who knew him. He long claimed to be in his eighties and by his appearance, looked it, but was only 89 when he died Saturday.
He was quite a hand to invent and manufacture machines. Among them was a sugar beet lifter, tile and chairs, and one especially remembered by local residents was a logging tractor which proved to be so heavy it could scarcely remove itself, engines in those days not being so powerful.
He advertised his bear den as the only bear den in the world where visitors were allowed to shake hands with the bears and as a result he faced law suits from visitors who were mauled by his bears. He was also taken into court by the Conservation Department for failure to get a permit to keep bears and was consistently criticizing the department.
In 1948 Spikehorn was campaigning for state representative to the legislature from the Clare Isabella District and ran afoul of the law when he distributed defamatory …
Linen postcards from the 1930s and 1940s was something I had largely overlooked in collecting and researching Clare County. So many are available and at an inexpensive price they didn't seem that important. Most are not actual local scenes but generic lake and landscape tourist scenes. Since they weren't actual local images I hadn't collected or researched them.
Many linen cards were made by Curt Teich & Co, Inc. . Since these cards were mass produced and there are so many of them a high percentage are mailed and contain a lot of genealogical and first-person information of the subject. If the card is mailed the postmark date can provide information and luckyily with a large company like Curt Teich & Co, Inc. they had their own system of coding and dating postcards. (https://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/researchguide-attachments/Teich_Postcard_Dating_Guide_2016.pdf )
I was particulary gratefull to be able to date the linen Teich card that is stamped on the back SPIKE HORN CREEK CAMP BEAR DEN. The card is from the 1930s so we can see what ol' Spikehorn was up to and how he represented his busienss during this time. The scene with this stamp on the back is an inland water scene and probably a set of cards he bought for resale were that were not personalized. This particular card was produced in 1934 and of course it could have been for sale for many years at Spikehorn's tourist camp.
Purchasing and studying some of these inexpensive pieces of local history, while not direct images of Clare county, are still important pieces of our history.
The Editor of the Cleaver, Angela Kellogg, was featured in the March 2019 issue of the Michigan Press Association newsletter, the Guardian.
Clare County’s first township was not Grant, Sheridan, nor Surrey Township, it was Three Lakes Township. According to Forrest Meek in Michigan’s Timber Battleground (1976) in “January of 1869, unknown to the [Michigan] Legislature . . . Joseph Bucher, William Crawford and James Green met and organized a township called ‘Three Lakes’ in Clare County.” The Isabella County Board of Supervisors approved the detachment and thereafter, Joseph Bucher was appointed Supervisor. The new township continued for about one year. Unfortunately the Michigan Legislature had detached eastern Clare County from Isabella County in March of 1869, thereby nullifying the detachment of the Isabella County Board of Supervisors. The real Grant Township was established by a detachment by the Midland County Board of Supervisors and that detachment allowed for the organization of Grant and Sheridan Townships in March of 1870. One year later Surrey Township was organized. The entity known as Three Lakes Township included what is today Grant Township (except 40 acres), Hatton Township, Hayes Township, and Frost Township (except 6 Sections). Clare County historian Tom Sellers located the Justice Docket of the Township of Three Lakes and it is presently preserved at the Clare County Historical Museum. It does not contain the ‘official minutes’ of Three Lakes Township, but it does contain the Justice of the Peace docket reports of Grant Township beginning with the case of T.H. Hinchman & Sons v Wright E. Fierst and Henry Travidick, July 19, 1871, E.D. Wheaton, Justice of the Peace. This writer suspects that the Justice Docket was ordered by the officials of Three Lakes Township and by the time it arrived, Three Lakes Township did not exist and so the Justice Docket was utilized for another purpose. In any event, the Three Lakes Township Justice Docket is not a lost piece of Clare County history, it just isn’t what one would …
Ernest Merrill may be the most photographed man in early Harrison history. Viewing so many photos of Harrison it became easy to spot Ernest Merrill in each photograph. The same jaunty hat, side posture and every so slight smirk was instantly recognizable. He appears in some photographs so removed from the scene that if there was Photoshop in the early 1900’s it may have been used to plop him in the back ground. This became a fun hide and seek as Cody Beemer and myself began to write and edit the book Harrison, published in 2014.
Imagine my surprise one day running across a wedding announcement of Ernest’s daughter Beverly. I see Bev on a regular basis at the library and the Trowbridge family has donated many historical items to the Library.
Ernest was born in Meredith, Michigan to John and Emma Merrill. John was a rail road man and his sons Charlie and Ernest followed in his footsteps. Ernest attended Harrison schools and went to work at a young age. He may have worked at the Heading mill in Harrison as he is featured in several photographs and we know he went on to work for the Flint and Pere Marquette R.R.
In 1923 Ernest’s brother Charles Merrill was killed in a railroad accident. A Pere Marquette R.R. passenger train derailed and overturned near Midland and killed Charlie and the engineer of the train Thomas Kelley of Saginaw. Kelley died at the scene and Charlie Merrill died on the train taking him to the Saginaw hospital after he had received treatment at the Dow hospital in Midland. The official cause of death on his death certificate is “nervous shock due to scalding in R.R. accident.”
Charles was already a widower having lost his young wife just three years before in 1920. Charles was buried with his wife in Saint Henry’s Catholic Church Cemetery in Isabella County.